The Guidance on the Implementation of Plan S specifies that:
A draft pricing and service framework, developed by Information Power, was published in January 2020 and to help validate this – and ensure that the information sought could be provided – ten publishers (Annual Reviews, Brill, The Company of Biologists, EMBO, European Respiratory Society, F1000 Research, Hindawi, Institute of Physics Publishing, PLOS, and Springer Nature) participated in a pilot. Based on the outcomes of this – and informed by workshops and discussions – the framework has been updated and endorsed by the cOAlition S leadership. It consists of a data collection spreadsheet, an implementation guide, and recommendations.
Both frameworks have been endorsed by cOAlition S.
The data collection spreadsheet is in three parts:
The FOAA framework collects data according to seven, broadly defined service baskets. Publishers have an option to extend this framework by a further three baskets, as required for their specific operations.
To provide access to these data, cOAlition S is developing the Journal Comparison Service (JCS). Going live in summer 2022, this service will:
For more information, visit cOAlition S starts building its Journal Comparison Service to help create visibility of publishing services and prices and Journal Comparison Service: deadline for publisher registrations extended
We anticipate that the provision of transparent price and services information will help those stakeholders who purchase publishing services on behalf of the research community better understand the services they are procuring from publishers, and thus introduce more competition in the scholarly publishing market.
We are mindful that this joint effort towards more transparency rests on the buy-in of all parties involved. We are therefore attentive to the specific regulatory requirements with which publishers need to comply.
To this end, the service has been developed in a way that ensures that a publisher can never access another publishers’ data, and that authorized users understand – via a legally binding agreement – the commercially sensitive nature of these data and that these data cannot be shared.
The price and service information we seek from publishers will help publishers’ customers better understand if the fees they pay are commensurate with the open publication services delivered, and to better understand the elements of those services, for example, peer review, editorial work, and publishing infrastructure. Institutions will be able to use these data to inform discussions with researchers, for example, to offer advice to them about their publishing options.
Providing this information is also an opportunity for publishers to demonstrate their commitment to open business models and business cultures, to build awareness of their services and value, to build trust with their customers and to be more responsive to their needs.
Examples of publishers adopting price transparency (external links)