Plan S


Making full and immediate Open Access a reality

What/who is cOAlition S?

Published on: 19/05/2020 - Updated on: 02/06/2020

cOAlition S is a group of national research funders, European and international organisations, and charitable foundations who are committed to making full and immediate Open Access to research publications a reality. cOAlition S has developed Plan S whereby research funders will mandate that access to research publications that are generated through research grants that they allocate, must be free to access on the day of publication. In addition, the right to reuse the article is subject to a special type of open licence (usually the Creative Commons Attributon licence (CC-BY)) that grants the reader the right to reuse all or parts of it without having to seek additional permission, subject to appropriate attribution of the original source. See cOAlition S website. For one definition of open access see the Berlin Declaration at openaccess.mpg.de/Berlin-Declaration

Why has cOAlition S developed Plan S?

Published on: 19/05/2020 - Updated on: 22/06/2020

The chain, whereby new discoveries are built on previously established results, can only work optimally if all research results are made openly available to the scientific community. Plan S is a set of principles that ensure open and immediate access to funded research publications. It was first launched by cOAlition S in 2018. All funders who join cOAlition S commit to aligning their OA policies with Plan S.

How does my organisation join cOAlition S?

Published on: 19/05/2020 - Updated on: 22/06/2020

If you are a research funder interested in joining cOAlition S, please contact cOAlition S using the Contact form

I’m not a funder but I’d like to support Plan S. How can I do that?

Published on: 19/05/2020 - Updated on: 22/06/2020

If you are an organisation, group or individual interested in publicly endorsing Plan S, please contact cOAlition S using the Contact form

Will Plan S requirements vary from funder to funder within cOAlition S?

Published on: 19/05/2020 - Updated on: 02/06/2020

The individual funders who comprise cOAlition S are able to adopt individual details within their OA policies (e.g. whether or not to contribute financially to open access publishing under transformative arrangements; possible approval of the use of the CC-BY-ND license for individual articles). However, as a signatory to Plan S, the funders have all committed to the main principles of Plan S that they will adopt within their policies.

What types of works fall under Plan S?

Published on: 19/05/2020 - Updated on: 02/06/2020

The scope of Plan S is primary peer reviewed research. Plan S applies to all peer-reviewed publications that are based on results from research funded fully or partially by cOAlition S members. The current guidance specifies the principles of Plan S and provides paths for their implementation regarding scholarly articles. cOAlition S will, by the end of 2021, issue a statement on Plan S principles as they apply to monographs and book chapters, together with related implementation guidance.

Who is cOAlition S consulting about the effects of Plan S and future plans?

Published on: 19/05/2020 - Updated on: 02/06/2020

cOAlition S consults with all major stakeholders within scholarly dissemination. This includes, but not limited to: researchers at all stages of their careers, universities and university associations, libraries, and publishers. cOAlition S is particularly grateful for the input of ECRs’ (early career researchers’) organisations.

How do I ask a question of cOAlition S about Plan S?

Published on: 19/05/2020 - Updated on: 22/06/2020

First check if the answer to your question is included in these FAQs. If not, you can contact cOAlition S using the Contact form

Will more funders join cOAlition S?

Published on: 19/05/2020 - Updated on: 22/06/2020

cOAlition S welcomes approaches from other research funding bodies (public and charitable research funders) interested in joining the coalition. There are numerous discussions underway with research funders across the globe who have indicated interest in the Plan S approach. Funders wishing to discuss joining cOAlition S or requiring more information about implementing Plan S should contact cOAlition S using the Contact form

What are the three open access options permitted by cOAlition S?

Published on: 19/05/2020 - Updated on: 22/06/2020

There are 3 ways to making publications OA that allow compliance with Plan S: i) open access publishing venues (article made OA by the publisher in the journal or platform at the point of publication); ii) subscription venues and repository (authors publish in a subscription journal and make either the final published version or the Author’s Accepted Manuscript openly available in a repository); and iii) subscription venues under transformative arrangements (authors publish Open Access in a subscription journal under a transformative arrangement). For any chosen route, the publication must be openly available immediately with a Creative Commons Attribution license (CC-BY) unless an exception to this license has been agreed by the funder. For full details see Guidance on the Implementation of Plan S.

Have the original Plan S guidelines been amended?

Published on: 19/05/2020 - Updated on: 22/06/2020

Plan S was launched in November 2018. The guidelines were amended in 2019 in response to feedback to a public consultation to which there were over 600 submissions. The rationale for the changes and the responses are available on the cOAlition S website.

Does cOAlition S only support OA by paying APCs?

Published on: 19/05/2020 - Updated on: 22/06/2020

No. Although cOAlition S funders will pay reasonable APCs for articles in fully OA journals and may decide to cover APCs in journals with transformative arrangements, other OA options are equally valid for Plan S compliance. This includes articles published OA in non-commercial or ‘diamond’ OA journals, or by making the accepted manuscript or the published version immediately OA in a repository. For details see Guidance on the Implementation of Plan S and information on non-commercial models.

Does cOAlition S permit OA via repositories?

Published on: 19/05/2020 - Updated on: 02/06/2020

Yes. See Guidance on the Implementation of Plan S. Furthermore, cOAlition S strongly encourages the deposition of all publications in a repository, irrespective of the chosen route to compliance, to support digital preservation and to maximise discovery of publications. Several cOAlition S members require deposition of all attributed research articles in a repository.

Which is cOAlition S’ preferred option for OA?

Published on: 19/05/2020 - Updated on: 23/06/2020

cOAlition S priority is to make research immediately open access at the point of publication under open licenses. There are 3 equally valid routes to achieving this (see the question: What are the three open access options permitted by cOAlition S?)